6 Types of Wheelchairs

1. Lightweight and lightweight wheelchairs

Manual wheelchairs typically weigh between 10 to 20 kgs. They work well for travel and are easier to lift in and out of the car for quick errands.

These lightweight chairs are often constructed with titanium, carbon steel, or aluminium. They have large back wheels with much smaller front wheels.

These wheelchairs allow a person to push themselves. Or caregivers can use the gripped handles to push their older adult in the chair.

2. Standard wheelchairs

Like lightweight manual wheelchairs, standard wheelchairs also have large back wheels and small front wheels. The difference is that they weigh more than lightweight wheelchairs.

For people with enough upper body strength, these are the most common type of wheelchair. Of course, caregivers can also push these using the handles.

3. Bariatric and heavy-duty wheelchairs

Heavier people can benefit from heavy duty wheelchairs that are engineered with stronger frames and large seats to support those who weigh between 140 to 340 kgs.

Designed for ample weight disbursement, heavy duty chairs may feature a reclining seat and also make it easier for a caregiver to manually push their older adult without using excessive force.

4. Tilt and recliner wheelchairs

If your older adult needs help from two or more people to get in and out of bed or onto the toilet, a wheelchair with a tilting or reclining seat could be helpful.

These types of manual wheelchairs allow a caregiver to safely lower a backrest towards the ground and then, with another person, lift their older adult out of the chair and onto a bed or recliner.

5. Transport wheelchairs

Transport wheelchairs are often used in hospital settings but are also available for home use.

They’re different from standard wheelchairs because they have small back and front wheels — instead of large back wheels and small front wheels.

This means that the person sitting in the wheelchair can’t propel themselves. They need to be pushed by someone else.

Transfer wheelchairs are usually lightweight and are good for short outings. However, the small wheels might not roll as well over outdoor terrain as well as the larger wheels of a standard wheelchair.

6. Other types of wheelchairs

There are also a variety of specialty wheelchairs available to suit different needs.

For example, paediatric wheelchairs are specifically designed for children, sport wheelchairs are for athletes with disabilities, and hemi height wheelchairs are for people who use their feet to move the wheelchair.

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